Total Number of Prisoners Under State or Federal Authorities 1980-2016.
On December 31, 2016 around 66,13,500 people were held under the supervision of US correctional system. The adult correctional population includes persons held in prisons and jails and persons on probation and parole. An estimated number of 15,05,400 persons were held under the jurisdiction of Federal and state prisons on December 31, 2016. Total incarcerated population including the persons held in local jails was 2,162,400 on December 31, 2016. Between 2007 and 2016 the number of persons held under the jurisdiction of federal and state prisons has declined at an average rate of 0.7%. In 2007, their number was 1,596,800. In 2016, the number of total prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal and state prisons was the lowest since 2005.
The following table shows the total number of prisoners under federal or state authorities in U.S. 1980-2016.
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U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.