Population under community supervision in US

Total Community Supervision Population in United States 1980-2016.

  • The community supervision population is the estimated number of people living in the community while supervised on probation and parole.
  • During 2016, from January 01 to December 31, the community supervision population fell from 4,586,900  to 4,537,100.
  • This decline was mainly due to the decline in probation population which came down by 52,500 between January 01 and December 31, 2016.
  • Moreover, the persons under community supervision constituted the larger part of the entire correctional population in U.S. at the year end, 2017.  Around 7 out of the 10 persons in the correctional population were under the supervision of community.
  • Persons on parole numbered 874,800 whereas those on probation were 36,73,100.
  • From Jan 01 to Dec 31, the population under community supervision saw  a decline of 1.1%. The number of persons under probation decreased  by 619,800 from 2007 to 2016.
  • Adult community supervision rate was 1,810  per 100,000 in 2016.
  • Between 2007 and 2016, the number of persons under community supervision has experienced a decline at an average annual rate of 1.3%.

The following table shows the number of persons under community supervision (community supervision population) between 1980 and 2016.

[table id=413 /]

Sources:

Bureau of Justice Statistics

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016 (Danielle Kaeble and Mary Cowhig, BJS Statisticians)