Division of labor: Adam Smith

The Wealth of The Nations by Adam Smith: Division of labor


The Wealth of The Nations by Adam Smith was published in 1776. Book 1 of ‘The Wealth of Nations’, deals with Division of labor. Smith’s book had been published at the dawn of the Industrial age. However, it was also the time when labor conditions were very bad. Around the world, the workers had to face poor working conditions. According to Smith, the roots of economic development lay in the Division of Labor. Increased division of labor meant increased specialization. Division of labor meant that the same person could not work on different tasks. Bigger tasks were divided into their smaller components. Workers had to focus on these smaller components and not on the one entire process. This also meant that the workers were growing more skilled at their jobs by focusing on any single task. Each worker could be an expert at his job.

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